Chelsea Porcelain

We have had our kitchen modernised. Actually we have had it practically rebuilt. To carry out this exciting rebuild has cost five or six times the price of our first house. Obviously we bought that house many moons ago and everything is relative, but I sincerely hope we will never need another kitchen.

Our previous kitchen incorporated a formal dining area, accessed through an arch and furnished in oak and it contained a pair of my late parents Chelsea figures, a gorgeous pair, but heavily restored. The new kitchen is all kitchen, apparently this is the way to live these days, so I wonder what will become of the Chelsea figures.

Chelsea Porcelain is very clearly divided into four periods defined by the marks used. The first period; the triangle period (1745-49) saw pieces marked with an incised triangle. Wares from this period have a glassy white body due to a proportion of crushed lead glass in the soft paste that can appear to have ‘pinholes’ in it when held to the light. Designs tended to be based on silver work with particular Rococo influence.

By the raised anchor period (1749-52) marked with an applied anchor on a small oval medallion, there had been some improvement in the quality of the glaze with less translucency. Many designs had a Meissen influence and scenes from Aesop’s Fables were popular. A small red or occasionally brown anchor defined the Red anchor period (1752-56) which saw fashions favour decorative tableware with designs such as fruit, animals and vegetables becoming popular. Figures from this period are particularly notable; the best produced by Flemish modeller Josef Willems. Finally the Gold anchor period (1757-69) where the small anchor was now painted gold saw an increased use of gilding and coloured grounds, the return to Rococo designs and many more elaborate figures produced.

In 1769 the factory was sold to William Duesbury of the Derby Porcelain factory and until 1784 produced Chelsea-Derby porcelain. In 1784 the Chelsea workshops were demolished with the majority of the moulds destroyed.

Senior Valuer Michael Dowse

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